Types of sketching

Types of Sketching: All about Sketching

Sketching – A beautiful art expressing your heart.

Sketching is one of the best forms of meditation. Sketchers know how beautiful it is to hold a pencil and create ideas without speaking a word. Well, to make varied sketches all one of a kind, you must know the different types of sketching.

Types of sketching

Not sure how many types of sketches you can make?

No worries, in this article we will cover the different types of sketching. 

One type of sketch is completely different from another and unique in itself. When you master the different types of sketches, you can make great masterpieces that are quirky in style. You might have consciously or unconsciously tried some of these types already if you sketch. If you are new to sketching, I recommended that you read – Sketching Basics for a good start. 

And yeah, before we proceed I would like to introduce you to GoSocial’s incredible communities. As a community, we have some amazing sketchers and are growing rapidly. Here, you can meet like-minded people and spend quality time together. 

There are also some exciting sketching workshops you must attend. 

That’s it, let’s begin on the types of sketching now!

Types of Sketching…

Fashion Sketching 

Types of sketching

This type of sketching focuses on bringing the essence of a garment. The sketches usually depict humans that are high in proportion to the ideal human face and body. 

Most of the time you will see the sketches mimic the models in stylish ways. Facial expressions are prioritized less in fashion sketching since the focus is on clothes. Most of the time the proportions are elongated in fashion sketching. For example, the head is 10-12 times elongated than the body, unlike the usual proportion where the head is 7.5-8 times than the human body. The main idea of fashion sketching is to be able to portray the designed collection to the best advantage. The cloth design becomes the center of attraction and the life-like portrayal of the sketch is seldom not the prior need. 

Are you a lover of fashion, clothes, and impressive designs?

Yes? GREAT!

You should definitely try fashion sketching then. You will have to learn to convey the look of different parts of the body like hair, face, hands, legs, etc. It will be difficult in the beginning but it‘s going to be so much fun afterward! You can try out different illustrations some rough and others polished. 

Interior Sketching

Types of sketching

Do you have a fantasy for interior building and decoration?

Are your eyes trained to judge scale and proportion?

Do you enjoy playing with materials like wood, glass, and fiber?

Well, if your answer to the above questions is ‘yes’ this type of sketching will surely suit you!

This is one of the most difficult and beautiful types of sketching. Interior sketches show how design ideas go together and how will they look in 3D models. 

You need two things for an interior sketch – Perspective and technical drawing. Both of these will help you to draw sketches that are real-like and professional. Another crucial thing in interior sketches is to learn the art of using shadows and shading to give the best flavors of the designs. 

You can either sketch black and white sketches or use color to depict how tones, fabrics, and schemes work together. 

If you already are a good interior sketcher, I would like to give you a tip – Start getting better with your time frame.

If you are a professional, looking for selling your interior sketches, then you would need to draw in quick frames in front of your customers. Train your eye to quickly judge proportions and scale. Remember, practice is the key!

Industrial sketching

Types of sketching

Do you like drawing objects in 3D depicting their structural design and volume?

Do you have an affinity for industrial components and figures?

If your answer is ‘yes’, then industrial sketching may be your type. 

Look, this type is difficult but you can get better at it by constantly practicing 3D industrial structures. All you need is a perfect grasp of the principles of composition. 

To develop a confident hand, you will need to master the technique and speed. Metal, plastic, and glass will be the materials that you need to fall in love with!

Automative sketches are the most common in industrial sketches. These are used to show designs of trucks, motorcycles, and other motorized vehicles. The beauty of this type of sketching is that it brings out the portrayal of complex sketches with a focus on detail features to show upgrades like custom wheels. 

These sketches sometimes feature color to illustrate color schemes or design ideas. 

If you want to get better at industrial sketching, I recommend getting a hold of 3D sketching. Here is a comprehensive guide on 3D sketching for beginners that will help you. 

Travel Sketching

Types of sketching

One of my favorites…!

If you are a traveler who loves to visit various places, it’s time to capture them!

Travel sketching is for people who are passionate about traveling and sketching.

Some important skills that you need for this type of sketching are:

  • Ability to capture the moment
  • Ability to convey the feel and ambiance of the place
  • Ability to deliver the correct style and proportion

Apart from this, you need to be quick as you would be drawing while traveling or standing on the road which won’t give you ample and comfortable time to draw.

The best travel sketches are the ones that capture the essence of the place and its surroundings. This type of sketching is very relaxing and whenever you see the final sketch it will make you feel nostalgic and full of memories. Best is when your audience has not traveled to a place but can feel the beauty of it through your sketch. 

Try to get better at observing the intrinsic traits of the place and graphically stylizing it in your sketching. To get better at sketching learn some sketching principles and best practices.

Photorealism

Types of sketching

These types of sketching look like a photograph. The artists spend hundreds of hours leveling this sketch up to a level where it looks like a photograph. Some artists do not limit this type of sketching to a black and white look but use colors to depict colorful photorealism.

Architectural 

Types of sketching

If you have a keen eye for precision and attention then this type of sketching is for you! Architectural sketching involves sketching historical monuments or your own artistic piece of architecture. The main focus is on the detailing of the features of architectural artwork. This type of sketching can take a long time for non-architects but the finished work is often mesmerizing.

Face drawing  

Types of sketching

Face Drawing and sketches are one of the most common types of sketching. This type of sketching features a human face but not to the level of photorealism. This is often a more subtle way of sketching human faces. The understanding of facial expressions is the key here. Artists use different types of sketching techniques to produce a real-like sketch.

Need help to get started on face drawing? Read these face drawing tips to get started.

Types of Sketching Techniques

Types of sketching

You cannot master the art of sketching if you are not aware of the different types of sketching techniques. 

To help you, I am listing some of the most common sketching techniques below.

Let’s find them out.

Hatching and Cross Hatching

Want to add depth to your sketches?

Hatching and Cross-hatching techniques are meant for it 🙂

Hatching refers to a series of lines drawn along your main line of drawing to create shadow and depth. Cross hatching is also on similar lines but with a difference. 

The main difference between hatching and cross-hatching is that the lines intersect in cross-hatching whereas in hatching the lines shouldn’t touch. 

Want to make darker sketching? 

Just make the lines sharper and close to each other. 

When to use hatching and cross-hatching?

Use Hatching when you want to add tonal or shading effects. 

Use cross-hatching when dimensions to your sketch in a subtle way. 

Stripling

Stripling is just like hatching. The only difference is that, unlike close lines, in stripping, you add dots that are close to each other for a shading effect. For a deeper effect use softer graphite. This will help you to make a deeper impact.

When to use hatching and cross-hatching?

Use Stripling to sketch varying degrees of solidity and shading patterns.

Scribbling

Did you ever draw some uneven, erratic, and not too straight lines while you were on a phone call? That is scribbling! 

Scribbling is a great type of sketching technique for anyone. It uses random moments across the paper to generate sketches. The more the lines are close, the greater the shading effect would be. 

When to use Scribbling?

Use Scribbling when you are not drawing real-life characters but random sketches. The beauty of scribbling lies in its uneven and unusual way of drawing. 

Smoothing and blending

Try blending the lines created in the hatching and cross-hatching technique with your fingers or soft cotton. This will give a smooth effect to your sketch. You can also tilt your pencil and use the wider area for a smooth effect.

When to use smoothing and blending?

Use blending when you want to mingle two or more colors or values to showcase gradual transition. 

Rendering

Rendering is a type of sketching technique where you apply graphite to the paper and then remove it from the eraser. It is a gradual process of adding and erasing graphite that develops a blurred, highlighting effect.

When to use Rending?

Use Rendering when you want to add a highlighting effect to your sketch.

Circling

Circling involves moving your pencil in a circular round while putting a different amount of pressure on it. If you want to create smooth sketching then put less pressure on your pencil. This will give you a more blended experience.

When to use Circling?

When you want to produce smooth sketches use circling with a dull pencil.

Conclusion 

Sketching is a marvelous art. Knowing the different types of sketching helps you to create sketches with a different and unique meaning. 

To master the different types of sketching you need to do a lot of practice. Practice and patience are the keys to sketching. The more you practice the different types of sketching and techniques the better you will become at them.

Not sure where to start? Join the amazing workshops of GoSocial and start participating in events. Earn a lot of followers and show your work to the audience.  

You can also join GoSocial Community to meet more artists like you. Share your sketches with the community and polish your skills by learning from others. 

Happy Sketching!